Tuesday, June 25, 2013

DOROTHY EVELYN SMITH, Miss Plum and Miss Penny (1959)

This novel was one of those suggested as "Possibly Persephone" at an event hosted by Persephone Books a year or two ago.  The premise--a middle-aged spinster rescues a young woman from a suicide attempt and then can't get rid of her--immediately seemed intriguing and just dark enough to have an extra kick to it.  A Google search yielded only one fellow blogger discussing the book, and she was lukewarm on it.  And a search for information on Dorothy Evelyn Smith herself yielded nothing at all--no Wikipedia page, no bio in the library's databases, and not a single mention in any of the reference books I have.  I discovered several other novels she had written, from the 1940s to the 1960s, but nothing whatsoever to indicate that a critic had ever given her a second glance.

Which, of course, meant that she was right up my alley.

So I tracked down a nice ex-library hardcover on Amazon, with its charming, cozy-looking dustcover that could have worked nicely for D. E. Stevenson's Miss Buncle's Book.  And I dived right in.

And the result was rather surprising.  I had hoped, in fact, that MPaMP might at least be a sort of pale imitation of Miss Buncle--humor, glimpses of village life, and interesting, vivid characters with problems that could for the most part be blithely laughed off or neatly tied up at the end.  What I found was something much better.  (Better than expected, I mean, not better than Miss Buncle, which is hardly possible!)

If novels can be personified, MPaMP might be described as Miss Buncle's slightly edgier sister--with, perhaps, a spiky hairdo and even an elegant little tattoo, and it got me thinking about "cozy" fiction and writers who might intentionally (or even accidentally) subvert the coziness.  For MPaMP has all the elements of a cozy read.  And yet there's real depth here, and a deliciously dark sensibility lurking just beneath the surface.

Miss Penny is a middle-aged spinster living with her housekeeper, Ada, who has been with her since she was a child.  She is blissfully insulated from disruption, and her romantic instincts seem to be largely satisfied by the recollection of--and annual Christmas card from--her old paramour George, who wanted to marry her and take her to America years before, had Miss Penny's parents not forbidden it.  Whatever other thoughts of romance she indulges in center around her friends Stanley--an obviously gay man whose prissiness is mocked by other characters but viewed with sensitivity by Miss Penny herself (some might find a trace of homophobia here, but I actually found the jokes funny and felt he was portrayed no more or less bitingly than other characters)--and Hubert, a neurotic widowed priest with an alienated teenaged son.

Miss Penny is the classic middlebrow of Nicola Humble's analysis, aspiring to literary culture but in a rather watered-down way, and her reaction to Dylan Thomas's Under Milk Wood is hilarious as well as perhaps representative of her desire to avoid the messiness and drama of life:

Faintly worried, Alison shut the book and laid it on the table.

It was her fault, of course, for not keeping up with the modern trend in poetry.  No doubt Hubert could explain the poem perfectly.  Not, perhaps in too much detail. ... Enough, though, to enable her to enjoy it as a whole, while ignoring confusing passages.

Likewise, she recalls a time in her past when she fantasized about exotic travel:

Once she had been an inveterate collector of travel brochures; pouring over them with pleasure, planning itineraries, doing little sums in margins--even going so far as to obtain a passport containing a horrifying picture of herself looking as if she had just committed a murder and thoroughly enjoyed it.

But ultimately she settled into her routine of going to a coastal resort for two weeks every year.  The same resort, every year.  Settled, too, into a cozy life of routine, village excursions, friends, and the luxury of the gruff but loving Ada's almost parental supervision.  And by the way, this is not the only time in the novel that Miss Penny humorously fantasizes about murder or violence.  The emergence of some kind of repressed passion, perhaps?  Or just a wonderfully dark sense of humor?  You can choose for yourself.

Dorothy Evelyn Smith, from the jacket of her earlier novel Lost Hill

[This sort of fantasized life is also reminiscent of Agatha's preference for fantasy over messy reality in Edith Olivier's The Love-Child, and perhaps even of Lolly's deal with the devil in Sylvia Townsend Warner's Lolly Willowes.  Am I overstretching in seeing portrayals like these as a way for women writers to suggest that, contrary to popular belief about spinsters "missing out" on life, some women might actually choose to lead simpler lives without men or children, like Buddhists choosing to eschew the temptations and pain of worldly ties?  Probably.  But I do like to overstretch...]

At any rate, into this insular life comes the eternally weepy Miss Plum, a young woman who uses her perpetual forlornness as a weapon.  Miss Penny saves her from offing herself in a duck pond, takes her home, and almost immediately begins to regret her decision, since her orderly life is now disrupted by her sense of responsibility for Miss Plum, and since Miss Plum is overly adoring in her gratitude and regularly prone to self-pitying tears.

What's fascinating to me about Miss Plum is that she is so obviously a manipulator, and yet the village folk seem to find her no less difficult to resist as a result.  I don't think this is exaggerated or unrealistic in the novel--beyond the natural comedic level of unrealism, at least.  It might be put down to traditional values of compassion for one's fellow beings, helping the needy, etc.  But it may have just as much to do with keeping up the appearance of those values.

There are certainly indications that Miss Plum's suicide attempt was merely a convenient bit of drama.  Miss Penny ponders this herself, in her own practical, unsentimental way, soon after bringing Miss Plum home:

She thought with dismay of Miss Plum sitting on the bench in the Recreation Ground throughout the long, violent night; all alone, all friendless in the rain and the blowing blackness; completely cut off from human kindness and only a few feet away from the lapping water of the pond.

If I had been going to drown myself, she thought, that is when I should have done it...

And much of the dark humor of the novel revolves around various characters' growing dislike of Miss Plum.  Another hilarious, if rather violent, fantasy of Miss Penny's:

She ate the perfectly poached egg on crisp toast and the creamy milk pudding that Ada provided, took a little nap and woke to indulge in a delicious pipe dream about Miss Plum being kidnaped out of the fish shop by a lot of men with spotted handkerchiefs tied over the lower parts of their faces, and strong American accents; of Miss Plum vanishing mysteriously and irrevocably and never being seen or heard of again.

When Miss Plum actually does disappear later in the novel--not (for better or worse) at the hands of kidnappers--Stanley similarly comments to Hubert:

“I do not anticipate for one moment that Miss Plum has been murdered, though I should have some slight sympathy with her assassin if she had.”

Stanley's initial pity for Miss Plum has in fact turned to dislike after she has filtered his heroic self-image through the lens of her pathos:

“You are not boring me at all,” Miss Plum declared with soft insistence.  “I have been alone all my life, and so I can understand better than most folks just what you have suffered.”

Stanley glanced at her, startled and a little displeased.

This was not at all the reaction he had expected.  What he had intended as a success story suddenly presented itself in the light of a lament.  Not the clarion note of “Alone I did it,” but the minor pianissimo of “I had to do it all alone”—which was a very different kettle of fish.

Even Hubert, who does, as one would hope from a priest, initially feel compassion for Miss Plum, begins to get testy after a time.  When Miss Penny points out that Miss Plum has tried to kill herself and might again, Hubert replies:

“But not very hard, if I remember correctly.  And unless Miss Plum is a great deal more determined this time, and is, moreover, remarkably handy with a pick, she will find it difficult to drown herself anywhere north of the Trent for several days.  Long before that she will have given up the idea, for she is a woman totally devoid of resource.”

I found this dark humor, and the quandary of folks who want to appear to be generous and compassionate even if they're mostly concerned with their own stable, habitual lives, to be highly entertaining.  But, although there are idyllic scenes of Christmas carolling and of the entire village ice skating on the frozen river (including the wonderful Mrs. Hart, the cook at the local inn, who is suddenly "taken queer" at the first hard freeze and, unable to work, must do nothing but gleefully skate all day long in order to recover), and amusing portrayals of village eccentrics, the overall tone is definitely not quite cozy.

I won't spoil the ending by revealing too much.  Suffice it to say th
at when Miss Penny's long-lost love suddenly reappears in the village for the first time in 20 years, Miss Penny's habitual calm is further disrupted and the ending, if not exactly a surprise, is nevertheless--for me, anyway--exactly right.  And her final words to Miss Plum are ones that I've wanted to deliver to one or two people myself!

It's not often that I get to add a book to the top shelf of my bookcase, where all of my favorites reside.  So I'm happy that I get to place Miss Plum and Miss Penny "cozily" alongside Miss Buncle's Book.  (No doubt they'll grate on each other's nerves now and then, but that's only to be expected from family!)


Sunday, June 23, 2013

The Overwhelming List (E-G)

 [For more information on this list, please see the intro to section "A-BL".]

If you wish, you can now download the entire Overwhelming List in a single PDF.  Clicking on the link below will open a Google Docs page displaying the entire list in PDF.  To save a copy of the PDF, just click on the little down arrow in the upper left.  You can also print the list from the Google Docs page, but be warned that it now weighs in at 330 pages!

[Current total: 1,894 writers]

(married name Ivens)
Author of two novels—Tantalus (1923), about "a clergyman's love-affair with the French governess of his sister-in-law's children," and Bid Time Return (1934), which sounds like a somewhat Brontëan romance; she also wrote a memoir, You Asked Me Why (1936), and a gardening book with the evocative title, Gay Gardening: A Book of Tips for Amateur Gardeners (1932).

E. S. B.
          see EMILY [SARAH] BAKER

GRACE M[ARY]. EASTON (1895-1985)
(née ?????)
Daughter and wife of missionaries in China, and author of one Christian-themed girls' school story, The School on the Hill (1940), set in a school for children of missionaries. She also published one additional children's book, Merry-All-the-Time (1936).

W. W. EASTWAYS (dates unknown)
Unknown author who published three school stories which take place over the course of almost a decade—Greycourt (1939), The Girls of Greycourt (1944), and Christine of the Fourth (1949).

Co-author, with her sister Beatrice Heron-Maxwell, of two romance-themed novels, A Woman's Soul (1900) and The Fifth Wheel (1916).

HELEN EASTWOOD (1892-c1984)
(née Baker, aka Olive Baxter, aka Fay Ramsay)
Enormously prolific author of romantic suspense under her own name and her pseudonyms; her catchy titles include To Be Worthy of Shadows (1938), Green Eyes for Torture (1939), Synthetic Halo (1940), Ken's Watery Shroud (1942), Destiny for Jill (1961), and Sweet Trespasser (1978).

Suzanne Ebel

(née Mudge [possibly changed to Brown in her childhood])
Wife of designer and artist Tom Eckersley and mother of three more illustrators and/or designers, Richard, Paul, and Anthony Eckersley, she published a single children's book illustrated by her husband, Cat o' Nine Lives (1946); many of the illustrations are posted here.

OLIVE ECKERSON (1901-1985)
(née Taylor)
Author of two historical novels—My Lord Essex (1955), about Queen Elizabeth I's romance with the Earl of Essex, and The Golden Yoke: A Novel of the Wars of the Roses (1962).

MARION EDEN (dates unknown)
Author of two girls' school stories—Success for Jane (1936) and Felgarth's Last Year (1938)—the first of which Sims and Clare describe as "rambling, repetitive, and pretentious."

Josephine Edgar
          see MARY EDGAR

MARY EDGAR (1907-1991)
(married name Mussi, aka Mary Howard, aka Josephine Edgar)
Author of romantic novels spanning more than sixty years, most of them under the Howard pseudonym; titles include Windier Skies (1930), Partners for Playtime (1938), Devil in My Heart (1941), Have Courage, My Heart (1943), Sixpence in Her Shoe (1950), The House of Lies (1960), The Bachelor Girls (1968), and A Dark and Alien Rose (1991).

K[ATHLEEN]. M[ARY]. EDGE (1878-1946)
(married name Caulfield)
Living in India with her father and then her husband, Edge wrote four novels, three of which—Ahana (1902), The After Cost (1904), and The Shuttles of the Loom (1909), display her knowledge of India, while the fourth, Through the Cloudy Porch (1912), is set in South Africa.

MAY EDGINTON (1883-1957)
(pseudonym of Helen Marion Edginton, aka H. M. Edginton, married name Baily)
Popular author of romantic novels from the 1910s-1950s, known for Oh! James! (1914), adapted for stage and screen as “No, No, Nanette”; other novels include The Child in Their Midst (1924), Call Her Fanny (1930), Woman of the Family (1935), and Wedding Day (1939).

JEAN EDMISTON (1913-2008)
(full name Helen Jean Mary Edmiston, aka Helen Robertson)
Author of four mystery novels under her pseudonym—The Winged Witnesses (1955), Venice of the Black Sea (1956), The Crystal-Gazers (1957), and the most acclaimed, The Chinese Goose (1960, aka Swan Song), and one additional novel, The Shake-Up (1962) under her real name.

Welsh writer whose career—including the story collection Rhapsody (1927) and the novel Winter Sonata (1928) (both published by Virago in the 1980s)—was tragically cut short by suicide.

June Edwards
          see HELEN FORRESTER

LILIAS EDWARDS (dates unknown)
Children's author whose works include Hiking Holiday (1955), about two teenage girls hiking and hosteling, and its sequel Annabelle Joins In (1959), as well as animal tales such as The Dancing Pony (1965), Silver Blaze (1968), and Stable to Let (1973).

MONICA EDWARDS (1912-1998)
(née Newton)
Children's author best known for the Romney Marsh series, beginning with Wish for a Pony (1947), and the Punchbowl series, starting with No Mistaking Corker (1947); both feature adventures based around country and farm life, and are noted for their strong characterization.

MARIBEL EDWIN (1895-1985)
(née Thomson)
Novelist and children's author whose works include The Valiant Jester (1930), Windfall Harvest (1931), Sound Alibi (1935), Atmosphere for Gloria (1935), and Return to Youth (1937), as well as Wild Life Stories (1933), a nature title lavishly illustrated by Raymond Sheppard.

Lucy Egerton

EDITH L[EA]. ELIAS (1879-1952)
(née Morice)
Author of two girls' school stories which, according to Sims & Clare, eschew melodrama and focus on relationships—Elsie Lockhart, 3rd Form Girl (1925) and Deanholme (1926); she also published other fiction and historical works for children.

(pseudonym of Olive Gwendoline Potter, aka Margaret Potter)
Author of numerous girls’ school novels, including Evelyn Finds Herself (1929), Elder also wrote six adult novels, often centered around medicine and some reprinted by Greyladies, including The Mystery of the Purple Bentley (1932), Lady of Letters (1949) and The Encircled Heart (1951).

(full name Germaine Elizabeth Olive Eliot, married names James and Kinnaird)
Novelist and biographer whose debut, Alice (1950), was compared to Nancy Mitford; other fiction includes Henry (1950), Mrs. Martell (1953), Starter's Orders (1955), and Cecil (1962); non-fiction includes Heiresses and Coronets (1959), about prominent European/American marriages, which appeared in the U.K. as They All Married Well (1960).


WINIFRED ELLAMS (1917-      )
(married name Hammond, possibly other earlier married name[s])
A schoolteacher herself and the daughter of a headmaster, Ellams published a single girls' school story, The Girls of Lakeside School (1949).

(married names Summers and Joyce, aka L. E. Elliott Joyce)
Author of travel books about Central and South America, as well as a single novel, Black Gold (1920).

Mrs. Havelock Ellis
          see EDITH LEES

(née Bennett)
Author of one girls' school story, Doctor Noreen (1945), as well as numerous other children's stories, many for young children; titles include Strong Wing (1939), The Highwayman Came Riding (1944), Smuggler's Bay (1949), Strongwing (1954), and The Magic Chestnut (1961).

HELEN ELRINGTON (c1854-1950)
Travel writer, children's author, and novelist, author of several boys' school stories; titles include A Scandal—or, Is It True? (1878), Mark or Molly? (1903), The Schoolboy Outlaws (1904), The Burleighs (1911), The Red House of Boville (1925), Maurice Pomeroy (1927), and The Outside House (1928).

Hebe Elsna

CLARE EMSLEY (1912-1980)
(married name Plummer)
Daughter of crime novelist T. Arthur Plummer and romance writer Cora Linda (real name Coralie Marie Plummer); author of more than 20 romantic novels 1947-1971, including Painted Clay (1947), The Broken Arcs (1951), Call Back Yesterday (1958), Unknown Heritage (1963), Doctor at the Crossroads (1966), and A Time to Heal (1971).

JANE ENGLAND (1896-1967)
(pseudonym of Vera Murdock Stuart Jervis, née Coysh, earlier married name Southgate)
Author of more than 50 novels, probably romantic tales, many set in Africa; titles include Red Earth (1926), set in South Africa, The Sjambok (1929) and Rhodesian Farm (1933), both set in Rhodesia, The Solitary Place (1937), The Flowering Veld (1940), Yorkshire Farm (1943), The Camphorwood Chest (1954), set in Ireland, and Pandora's Box (1964).

ISOBEL ENGLISH (1920-1994)
(pseudonym of June Guesdon Braybrooke, née Jolliffe, earlier married name Orr-Ewing)
Acclaimed but now little-known writer of three novels, The Key that Rusts (1954), Every Eye (1956, reprinted by Persephone), and Four Voices (1961) and one story collection, Life after All (1973).

Author of Christian-themed children's fiction and non-fiction, including Four Girls and a Fortune (1935), set in part in a girls' school; other fiction includes Those Dreadful Girls (1913), The Girls Of Clare Hall (1919), Greta The Steadfast (1931), and The Happy Road (1939).

S. K. ENSDAILE (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of four girls' school stories—Philippa at School (1928), Marceline Goes to School (1931), Discipline for Penelope (1934), and Puck of Manor School (1938)—which Sims & Clare praise for their vivid characterization.

ANN ERSKINE (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of John Erskine Tuck and Ann Hawkesworth, who remains unidentified)
Authors of a single girls' school story, Kath of Kinmantel (1958). The British Library spells the name "Ann," while Worldcat spells it "Anne" and credits the author with an earlier book of poetry, Some Simple Things (1933).

CICELY ERSKINE (1873-1969)
(née Quicke)
Author of several sex education and birth control books in the 1920s, Erskine also wrote what appears to be a novel called Whisper (1931), but online information about any of her titles is virtually nonexistent.

(pseudonym of Margaret Wetherby Williams)
Born in Canada but raised in England, Erskine was a crime novelist whose works include And Being Dead (1938), Whispering House (1947), Give up the Ghost (1949), The Disappearing Bridegroom (1950), Dead by Now (1953), Old Mrs. Ommanney Is Dead (1955), and The Ewe Lamb (1968).

(married name Leslie)
Actress, screenwriter, and author of romantic, mystery, and historical fiction; titles include The Tall Headlines (1950), The Singer Not the Song (1953), set in Mexico, The Way to the Lantern (1961), set in the French Revolution, and I Start Counting (1966), which won the Prix Roman Policier.

(originally Oertling, married name Carr, aka Christine Oertling)
Apparently another prodigy who published her first three books in her teens, beginning with The Passing of the Shadows (1919), she later dropped the O from her name and published two novels for Mills & Boon, The Fiddler Played It Wrong (1934) and Design with a View (1935).

SUSAN ERTZ (1894-1985)
(married name McCrindle)
Prolific writer of romantic novels, including Madame Claire (1923), Now East, Now West (1927), which contrasts English and American culture, Charmed Circle (1956), about a dysfunctional family, One Fight More (1939), and the “blitz novel” Anger in the Sky (1943).

JOY ESSEX (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single short romance novel, A Fiancée for Hire (1930).

Mary Essex
          see URSULA BLOOM

Jean Estoril
          see MABEL ESTHER ALLAN

BELLA EUDACOLT (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single novel, probably a romance, An Impossible Pair (1923).

Barbara Euphan

ALICE EUSTACE (c1868-????)
(pseudonym of Mary Ann [or Anne] Thomas, née Rees)
Author of eight romantic novels, most for Mills & Boon, including Cloistered Virtue (1925), Flame of the Forest (1927), A Girl from the Jungle (1928), The Make-Believe Lover (1929), Diamonds and Jasmin (1929), Smoke-Haze (1930), He'll Love Me Yet (1932), and My Purdah Lady (1933).

MARGIAD EVANS (1909-1958)
(pseudonym of Peggy Williams, née Whistler)
Novelist and memoirist who often focused on the border area between England and Wales, where she grew up, including in her best-known novel Country Dance (1932); her other novels are The Wooden Doctor (1933), Turf or Stone (1934), and Creed (1936); her life was cut short by cancer.

KATE EVEREST (1860-1946)
(full name Mary Catherine Everest)
Poet and author of several novels in the 1910s and 1920s, including Lady Beaufoy (1914), Stolen Brains (1917), Life's Fitful Fever (1918), The Bond That Held (1920), and The Mandarin's Spy-Glass (1928); two early works, The Shadow on the Purple (1911) and The Searchlight on the Throne (1912), purport to be memoirs but may be novels about the foreign service.

(aka Cecil Adair, E. Ward, and Evelyn Dare)
Nurse, novelist, and children's author whose works often reflected her strong Methodist beliefs; adult novels include Fighting the Good Fight (1884), Lady Elizabeth and the Juggernaut (1906), and Hills of the West (1932).

MONICA EWER (1889-1964)
Well known as drama and film critic for the Daily Herald, Ewer reportedly wrote 50+ romantic novels, though the British Library lists fewer; some, like Insecurity (1930), make use of her knowledge of journalism, film, and the theatre; Ring o' Roses (1939) was adapted for the screen.

(went by Merle, her real middle name, married names Knox and Rennick, aka Catherine Tennant)
Author of at least eight novels, five of them pseudonymous; titles include Snow on Water (1932), Chorus of Old Men (1933), Poor Rebel (1935), Children of the Foam (1939), Last Orders, Please! (1943), The Wheels Turn Round (1946), Matilda Jones (1951), and Tomorrow Is Free (1953).

LEONORA EYLES (1889-1960)
(née Pitcairn, married name Murray, aka Elizabeth Lomond? [see entry for Lomond below])
Journalist and novelist who focused on working class women in her non-fiction The Woman in the Little House (1922) and novels like Margaret Protests (1919) and Hidden Lives (1922); published successful mysteries in the 1930s, including Death of a Dog (1936) and No Second Best (1939).

(full name Susan Elisabeth Fagan, née Kirby)
Actress and author of four novels—Dear Ann (1923), All the Way (1927), Things Were Different (1927), and Penny Got (1933)—and one volume, From the Wings (1922), which appears to be a memoir of theatrical life.

MINA FAHY (c1861-1916)
Author of a single girls' school story, St. Clement's (1910). She was born in Ireland and apparently ran a small school along with her sister.

MARY ALICE FAID (1897-1990)
(married name Dunn)
Author of 10 "evangelistic" girls' stories following one character from school years to adulthood, beginning with Trudy Takes Charge (1949); she also wrote nearly a dozen other novels, including Stairway to Happiness (1955), The Singing Rain (1958), and Daffodil Square (1962).

(in personal life, used spelling Elisabeth)
Author of six novels which make use of romance and village comedy in a sort Pym/Thirkell blend; titles are Bramton Wick (1952), Landscape in Sunlight (1953, aka All One Summer), The Native Heath (1954, aka Julia Comes Home), Seaview House (1955, aka A View of the Sea), A Winter Away (1957), and The Mingham Air (1960).

(married name McKenzie)
Now known primarily as an expert on land use and landscape architecture, Fairbrother also wrote good-humored memoirs of country life, including Children in the House (1954), about her WWII experiences while her husband was in the RAF, and The House (1965, aka A House in the Country), about their experiences building a country house.

Alice Fairfax-Lucy

(née Gledhill [identification uncertain but probable])
Author of two girls' school stories with an emphasis on adventure and intrigue—Deborah's Secret Quest (1950) and The Best Term Ever (1952).

LENOX FANE (1900-1937)
(pseudonym of Elizabeth Adeline Mary Bligh)
Barrister, journalist, and occasional book author; she published one pseudonymous novel, Legation Street (1925), a volume of poems (1934), and the non-fiction Living in the Country: Essays and Personal Reminiscences in the Form of Letters (1935).

VALERIE FANE (1893-1936)
(pseudonym of Frances Viggars, née Milligan)
Author of two romantic novels, Spring Melody (1935) and Secret Heart (1936).

(married names Adams and Anrep)
Ballet dancer and niece of Eleanor Farjeon, about whom she wrote a biography, Morning Has Broken (1986); author of one adult novel, The Alphabet (1943), about "the childhood and adolescence of a remarkably self-engrossed young woman," and several much later children's titles, including The Siege of Trapp's Mill (1975) and The Unicorn Drum (1976).

Prolific author of poetry and fiction for children, Farjeon also published several novels for adults, including Ladybrook (1931), The Fair of St. James (1932), Humming Bird (1936), Miss Granby's Secret (1940), Brave Old Woman (1941), and Ariadne and the Bull (1945).

PENELOPE FARMER (1939-     )
(married names Mockridge and Shorvon)
Children's writer and novelist whose career began with The China People (1960), a collection of fairy tales, Farmer is perhaps best known for Charlotte Sometimes (1969), the story of a girl who travels back in time to 1918; since the 1980s Farmer has also published several novels for adults.

ELEANOR FARNES (1906-1989)
(pseudonym of Grace Winifred Rutherford, née Tomlins)
Author of dozens of Mills & Boon romances from the 1930s to 1970s, including Merry Goes the Time (1935), Tangled Harmonies (1936), Bloom on the Gorse (1941), Stormcloud and Sunrise (1945), The Golden Peaks (1951), A Stronger Spell (1959), Rubies for My Love (1969), A Serpent in Eden (1971), and The Amaranth Flower (1979).

More research needed; apparently the author of only one novel, Sowing Moon (1936), about which I could locate no information.

FLORENCE FARR (1860-1917)
Composer, playwright, actress and novelist; known for a high-profile affair with George Bernard Shaw and her collaborations with William Butler Yeats, Farr also wrote two novels—The Dancing Faun (1894) and The Solemnization of Jacklin (1912).

ROWENA FARRE (1921-1979)
(pseudonym of Daphne Lois Macready)
Memoirist or novelist (depending on one's perspective); her debut, Seal Morning (1957), was published as a memoir of childhood on an isolated Scottish croft, but now tends to be seen as an autobiographical novel; A Time from the World (1962) dealt with her time amon the Romanies, and The Beckoning Land (1969) is about her time in India and Ceylon.

Now largely forgotten novelist whose witty works were compared to Barbara Pym’s; Farrell wrote six novels in all—Johnny's Not Home from the Fair (1942), Mistletoe Malice (1951), Take It to Heart (1953), The Cost Of Living (1956), The Common Touch (1959), and Limitations of Love (1962).

M. J. Farrell
          see MOLLY KEANE

(née Newton)
Wife of an Oxford don, Farrer wrote three mysteries—The Missing Link (1952), set at Oxford, Gownsman's Gallows (1954), and The Cretan Counterfeit (1957), set in and around the British Museum—and one mainstream novel, At Odds with Morning (1960).

Known for children's books about flowers and fairies, Faulding published two novels in collaboration with Lucy Dale (above)—Time's Wallet (1913), an epistolary novel about two educated, politically-involved women, and Merely Players (1917), about a woman writer's troubled marriage.

Mary Faulkner
          see KATHLEEN LINDSAY

(pseudonym of Olivia Parker, née Lucas)
Author of A Chelsea Concerto (1959), a memoir which Virginia Nicholson referred to as one of the best examples of "Blitz lit" (I concur); also wrote The Dancing Bear (1954), a memoir of life in Germany after the war, and novels including A House on the Rhine (1955) and Thalia (1957).

Erica Fay
          see MARIE STOPES

More research needed; author of only two children's novels—The Romance of a China Doll (1946) and Caroline's First Term (1947).  The latter is a girls' school story with a far-fetched plot but, according to Sims and Clare, a pleasingly ironic tone and strong characters.

Anne Fellowes
          see WINIFRED MANTLE

MONICA FELTON (1906-1970)
(née Page)
Later known for her writings on North Korea and India, including That's Why I Went: The Record of a Journey to North Korea (1953) and A Child Widow's Story (1966), Felton began her career with one novel, To All the Living (1945), dealing with wartime factory life in England.

J. C. Fennessy

Elizabeth Fenton
          see KATHLEEN LINDSAY

Helen Ferguson
          see ANNA KAVAN

Prolific author of romance, suspense, and other popular fiction from the 1930s to 1970s; titles include Forbidden Fires (1930), Flambeau (1934), Bid Time Return (1941), The Sign of the Ram (1943), Harvest of Nettles (1952), Here Are Dragons (1956), and Bird on the Wing (1968).

Author of 12 humorous and eccentric novels 1923-1954; best known for The Brontës Went to Woolworth's (1931); others are False Goddesses (1923), The Stag at Bay (1932), Popularity's Wife (1932), A Child in the Theatre (1933), A Harp in Lowndes Square (1936), Alas, Poor Lady (1937, reprinted by Persephone), the hilarious A Footman for the Peacock (1940), Evenfield (1942), The Late Widow Twankey (1943), A Stroll Before Sunset (1946), and Sea Front (1954).

RUBY FERGUSON (1899-1966)
(née Ruby Constance Ashby, aka R. C. Ashby)
Versatile writer of early mysteries such as Death at Tiptoe (1931), wonderful cozy novels like Lady Rose and Mrs. Memmary (1937) and Apricot Sky (1952), and the popular series of girls' horse stories starting with Jill's Gymkhana (1949).

(pseudonym of Morna Doris MacTaggart, married name Brown)
A popular author of mystery novels from the 1940s to the 1990s, including I, Said the Fly (1945), set in wartime London, some of which are still in print; under her real name, MacTaggart published two mainstream novels, Turn Simple (1932) and Broken Music (1934).

(married name Goldie)
Children's author known for her animal stories and two series, the Brydon family series and the Dean family series; she has also written historical stories like The Boy with the Bronze Axe (1968) and realistic fiction like The Desperate Journey (1964), focused on an impoverished Scottish family.

BRADDA FIELD (1893-1957)
(full name Violet Elsie Bradda Field)
Born in Canada but raised in England; author of three novels—The Earthen Lot (1928), tracing a girl from childhood to motherhood, Small Town (1932), which follows three sisters in a Canadian town, and Grand Harbour (1934); she later published a biography of Lady Hamilton (1942).

MARGARET C[ECILE]. FIELD (1903/4-1975)
(married name Sheminant [husband later legally changed name to Field])
Possibly an actress or performer in early years, and author of eight girls' school stories and one additional children's book; titles include The Taming of Teresa (1926), A Strange Term (1927), Cecile at St Clare's (1929), A Risky Term (193?), and The Rival Schools (1936).

A. FIELDING (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Dorothy Feilding)
Mystery writer of the 1920s-1940s whose real identity remains shrouded in obscurity; titles include The Charteris Mystery (1925), Murder at the Nook (1929), The Westwood Mystery (1932), Tragedy at Beechcroft (1935), Mystery at the Rectory (1936), and Pointer to a Crime (1944).

Anne Finch
          see MARY NICHOLSON

MARY FINDLATER (1865-1963) & JANE FINDLATER (1866-1946)
Novelist sisters who collaborated on many novels with themes of women seeking (and sometimes even finding) independence, including The Affair at the Inn (1904), A Blind Bird's Nest (1907), and their most famous, Crossriggs (1908), which was reprinted by Virago.

MARY FINDLAY (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single short romance, The Girl at Drumcorrie (1928).

Fiona Finlay

(married names Stuart and Mann, aka Barbara Allen, aka Fiona Finlay, aka William Stuart Long, aka Alex Stuart, aka Robyn Stuart, aka V. A. Stuart, aka Vivian Stuart)
Author of romantic and historical fiction for Mills & Boon and other publishers from the 1950s to 1990s; her pseudonyms require unpacking, but titles include The Captain's Table (1953), A Cruise for Cinderella (1956), Castle in the Mist (1959), The Gay Gordons (1961), A Sunset Touch (1972), The Heroic Garrison (1975), and Mutiny in Meerut (1991).

Famous for an affair with novelist Wyndham Lewis and for her one novel, Jam To-day (1931), which viciously satirized the London literary scene, Firminger reportedly worked on other novels, but none were finished; she apparently spent her later life working in a department store.

Author of two (or perhaps three) children's novels, including The Player (1911) and An Unpopular Schoolgirl (1913), about twins switching places at school; Sims and Clare came across a third title, Honour and Dishonour, which they were unable to trace.

Mary Fitt
          see KATHLEEN FREEMAN

(pseudonym of Lilian Alleyne Estelle Fitzgerald, née Jack, aka Lilian Clifford)
Author of fifteen novels 1908-1937; some of the titles sound intriguing, but a review of her debut, The Heart of a Butterfly (1908), is not encouraging; other titles include A Wayfaring Woman (1917), Thistledown (1918), Judith Kersley, Spinster (1922), A Company of Sinners (1927), Love's Tragedy (1929), and The Way of a Fool (1933).

Ena Fitzgerald

(pseudonym of Josephine Fitzgerald Clarke, née Moylan)
Prolific Mills & Boon author from the 1920s-1950s with more than 40 books to her credit, including Harvests of Deceit (1929), Dear Hatred (1930), The Whispering Witness (1934), Love Lies Deep (1935), Errant Wife (1938), Flight From Marriage (1941), and A Borrowed Coat (1947).

(pseudonym of Kathleen Maeve O'Callaghan)
Author of three novels of the 1930s—the well-reviewed Hungarian Rhapsody (1934), set in the countryside of Hungary, Wild Fruits (1935), and Snowed Under (1936); she died in Ireland, but no details have been found about the cause of her premature death.

(née Rosling)
Known as a popular cookbook author, FitzGibbon published two acclaimed memoirs—With Love (1982), about WWII and her life in Chelsea during the Blitz, and Love Lies a Loss (1985), which covers the postwar years; she also published one novel, The Flight of the Kingfisher (1967).

Author of one girls' school story, Sonia's First Term (1927), about an American girl who comes to a boarding school in Liverpool.

A. T. Fitzroy
          see ROSE ALLATINI

OLIVIA FITZROY (1921-1969)
(married name Bates)
Children's author whose first book, Orders to Poach (1941), was written to entertain her sisters during WWII; others are Steer by the Stars (1944) and House in the Hills (1946), all of which have been reprinted by Fidra; she stopped writing after her 1956 marriage and sadly died of cancer at 48.

FLANEUSE (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of ?  Maud Yardley?  Elinor Glyn?)
Pseudonym used for numerous works of fiction between the 1910s and 1930; OCEF speculates more than one author could have written under the name—possibly Maud Yardley and/or Elinor Glyn; works include Scored! (1913) and The Triumphant Woman (1918).

Anna Flaxman
          see SARAH CAMPION

ALISON FLEMING (1895-1972)
(pseudonym of Lucy Mary Cummings)
Scottish author of four novels which seem rather dark (a review called Christina Strang [1936] "a queer and rather sinister story"); the other titles are The Strawberry Field (1937), Gooseberry Green (1946), and Common Day (1947).

Hugh Fleming

JOAN FLEMING (1908-1980)
(née Gibson)
Mystery writer and children's author, known for the variety of her approaches to mystery writing; her best known works include Maiden's Prayer (1957), The Man from Nowhere (1960), a vivid portrayal of suspicion in an English village, and Midnight Hag (1966).

(pseudonym of Mary Fletcher Kitchin)
Author of at least five school stories for boys including Every Inch a Briton (1900), Uncle Bob: A Tale of Hazelton School (1901), Jefferson Junior: A School Story (1905), The Pretenders: A School Story (1908), and Iredale Minor: A Story for Boys (1912)

HELEN FOLEY (1917-2007)
(pseudonym of Helen Rosa Fowler, née Huxley, aka Helen Huxley)
Author of nine novels 1946-1976, which sound intriguingly middlebrow in theme; A Handful of Time (1961), a Book Society Choice, deals with two women before and after WWII in and around Cambridge; The Traverse (1960) and Fort of Silence (1963) are about troubled marriages, Between the Parties (1958) about an affair, and The Grand-Daughter (1965) is about first love in Scotland.

(née St. Clair-Erskine)
Organizer of WWI catering services and author of four risqué (for their time) novels, including The Broken Commandment (1910), The Other Woman's Shadow (1912), and Should She Have Spoken? (1923), and the memoirs Memories and Base Details (1921) and Fore and Aft (1932).

HELEN [EMILY] FORBES (1874-1926)
(née Craven, aka Helen Craven)
Author of nine novels of which OCEF says her "characterization and plots are conventional, but her dialogue is intelligent and humorous." Titles include Notes of a Music-Lover (1897), The Outcast Emperor (1900), The Provincials (1905), Lady Marion and the Plutocrat (1906), The Bounty of the Gods (1910), and The Polar Star (1911).

ROSITA FORBES (1890-1967)
(née Torr, later married name McGrath)
Adventurer, travel writer, and novelist, author of controversially feminist travel books like Adventure, Being a Gipsy Salad (1928) and Women Called Wild (1935), as well as several novels including Quest (1922) and Ordinary People (1931).

MRS. WALTER R. D. FORBES (1866-1924)
(pseudonym of Eveline Louisa Forbes, née Farwell
Author of nine novels about which little information is available; titles include Blight (1897), A Gentleman (1900), Nameless (1909), and His Alien Enemy (1918).

(married name Sheean)
Wife of journalist Douglas Sheean; editor of War Letters from Britain (1942) and author of a book about the Blitz, The Battle of Waterloo Road (1941), a novel called A Cat and a King (1949), and a biography of her aunt (by marriage), American actress Maxine Elliot.

(married name Harrod)
Sister of actor Johnston Forbes-Robertson (and perhaps related to Diana Forbes Robertson below?), Harrod wrote novels including The Hidden Model (1901) and The Horrible Man (1913), about "the rise of the militant female," Trespass (1928), as well as later historical fiction.

(erroneously listed in British Library catalogue as "Forres Robertson")
More research needed; possibly related to Diana Forbes-Robertson?; actress who played Peter Pan on the London stage, and author of one children’s book, Chowry, and Idle's Islands: Two Tales of Fantasy (1953).

Elbur Ford
          see ELEANOR HIBBERT

Elizabeth Ford

ROSEMARY FORD (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of two girls' school novels—The Joy School (1947) and Trio Fights Back (1947).  Of the former, Sims and Clare said it was "unsure whether it wants to be The Madcap of the School or Regiment of Women"; the latter is a spy thriller.

A. RUBY FORDE (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of a single girls' school story, Cherry Jam at Glencastle (1945) about a bestselling girls' author masquerading as a schoolgirl at an Irish boarding school. Forde may also be the author of St. Aidan & St. Colman, about Ireland's contributions to British culture.

ANTONIA FOREST (1915-2003)
(pseudonym of Patricia Rubinstein)
Originally setting out to write for adults, Forest found success with her series of children's novels about the eight Marlow children, beginning with Autumn Term (1948); others titles include Falconer's Lure (1957), End of Term (1959), The Thuggery Affair (1965), and The Player's Boy (1970).

(real name Elsie, née Mackenzie)
Apparently the author of a single novel, 'Ware Wolf (1928), which, according to a contemporary review, "tries to reconcile the old Were Wolf legend with modern science and constructs a romance on this subject which has as a background the conspiracy for a world revolution."

CAROL FORREST (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Margaret Tennyson)
Once incorrectly identified as a pseudonym of Catherine Christian; author of several girls' stories focused on Guiding, such as The Marigolds Make Good (1937) and Two Rebels and a Pilgrim (1941); The House of Simon (1942) is an intriguing wartime tale of abandoned children making their own home.

(pseudonym of Gwendolen Hudson Lewis [1892-1985] and Florence Jacoba Watson [1880-1963])
Little is known about these collaborators, who published seven novels 1926-1941; their debut, Ways of Escape (1926), is described as a fictitious biography of an ogre-ish man; their other titles are Background (1929), Brother Fool (1931), The Ferryman (1934), The Man That Looked on Glass (1937), Riding Alone (1938), and There Comes Another Day (1941).

(married name Bhatia, aka J. Rana, aka June Bhatia, aka June Edwards)
Novelist who combined romance with realistic attention to economic, racial, and social conditions; her debut novel, Alien There Is None (1959), deals with English/Indian intermarriage; her memoir of growing up in Liverpool, Twopence to Cross the Mersey (1974), has become a classic.

MAUDE S[ARAH]. FORSEY (1885-1971)
(born "Maud", married name Lane)
Author of two girls' school stories—Mollie Hazledene's Schooldays (1924) and Norah O'Flanigan, Prefect (1937)—which are praised by Sims and Clare. She also wrote several books aimed at younger children. She was apparently a schoolteacher herself.

(married names Goodman and Clay)
Author of seven novels 1937-1955—Faulty Mosaic (1937), Strangers All (1937), Westward Comes the Light (1942), The Sandalwood Gate (1947), Hidden Cities (1950), Twin Giants (1952) (the cover of which would lead one to expect a thriller), and The Horse-Leech's Daughters (1955)—and one more late title, The Pool of Narcissus (1985).

(née Brown)
Author of several boys' school stories, including The Boys at Penrohn (1893), Burke's Chum (1896), and The Beresford Boys (1906), as well as two later adult novels, Rosemary: A Pre-War Story (1926) and The Road to Tarfe (1928); her school stories were illustrated by her son, and one wonders if this is the same son she memorialized in Ivor: A Recollection (1918)—perhaps a war casualty?

(née Beech)
Author of 7 humorous memoirs about her relocation to Provence and later adventures, including escaping from the Nazi invasion of France; titles are Perfume from Provence (1935), Sunset House (1937), There's Rosemary, There's Rue (1939), Trampled Lilies (1941), Mountain Madness (1943), Beauty for Ashes (1948), and Laughter in Provence (1950).

DION FORTUNE (1890-1946)
(pseudonym of Violet Mary Firth, married name Evans, aka V. M. Steele)
Writer who focused on mysticism and the occult, whose fiction includes The Secrets of Dr. Taverner (1926), The Demon Lover (1927), The Goat-Foot God (1936), and Moon Magic (1956).

Author of two early Mills & Boon titles, Jehanne of the Golden Lips (1910) and The Written Law (1912).

GRACE FOSTER (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of nearly twenty romances 1920-1933, including She Would Be a Swell (1920), The Whip Hand (1920), Whirlwind Pixie (1923), The Odd Girl (1923), Her Daring Refusal (1924), Jealous of Her Sister (1926), His People Against Her (1927), and Gipsy (1933).

Composer and author of three forgotten novels—The Echoing Man (1933), Open the Cage (1934), and Monks Charity (1937).

OLIVIA FOWELL (1876-1953)
A contemporary of Angela Brazil, Fowell published five girls' school stories which reflect the evolution of girls' schools, including Her First Term (1906), Patricia's Promotion (1907), The Doings of Dorothea (1912), and The Girls of Tredennings (1926), as well as two non-school books.

ELLEN M[AUDE]. FOWKES (c1890-?1978)
(possible married name Wilson?)
Apparently the author of only two novels, Second Love (1920) and Looms of Destiny (1926), the latter a historical novel about the Manchester Radicals, about which Bookman makes the odd comment that "[l]ike most women writers the author succeeds best with her male characters" [??].

(married name Hamilton)
Now best known for her children's book The Young Pretenders (1895), a Persephone selection, Fowler also wrote adult novels concerned with Christian themes, including For Richer For Poorer (1905) and Patricia (1915).

ELLEN FOWLER (1860-1929)
(married name Felkin)
Sister of Edith, Ellen Fowler wrote popular fiction and poetry; her novels include the autobiographical Concerning Isabel Carnaby (1898), Miss Fallowfield's Fortune (1908) and Her Ladyship's Conscience (1913), the latter two of which are social comedies with somewhat feminist themes.

CECILY FOX (dates unknown)
Author of two girls' stories, one of which is a school story—That New Girl Anna (1930), about a young queen in disguise at a boarding school; her only other title is Eve Plays Her Part (1934).

MARION FOX (1885-1973)
(married name Ward)
Poet and author of seven novels, including historical novels such as The Seven Nights (1910) and forays into the supernatural, as in Ape’s Face (1914) and The Luck of the Town (1922).

JOY FRANCIS (1888-1978)
(pseudonym of Olive Sarah Folds, née Hill)
Author of five girls' school stories, the first two of which—The Greystone Girls (1928) and Biddy at Greystone (1929)—are linked, while the others—The Girls of the Rose Dormitory (1930), Rosemary at St Anne's (1932), and Patsy at St Anne's (1936)—are stand-alone tales.

Dora B. Francis
          see DORA [BARR] CHAPMAN

M. E. FRANCIS (1859-1930)
(pseudonym of Mary Sweetman Blundell)
Author of several dozen novels, both as sole author and, in later years, in collaboration with her daughters Margaret and Agnes Blundell; works focused on rural life, and titles include The Manor Farm (1902), Hardy-on-the-Hill (1908), and Dark Rosaleen (1915).

Theodore Frank

JULIA FRANKAU (1859–1916)
(née Davis, aka Frank Danby)
Grandmother of Pamela and author of sometimes controversial novels about Jewish culture and high society; best known for Joseph in Jeopardy (1912), a daring work for the time, about a married man seduced by a woman.

PAMELA FRANKAU (1908-1967)
Prolific and popular novelist whose novels elegantly explore social issues; A Wreath for the Enemy (1954) is a spellbinding story of a young girl's life-altering summer; others include The Willow Cabin (1949), The Winged Horse (1953), and Frankau's personal favorite, The Bridge (1957).

CICELY FRASER (?1914-?1950)
(uncertain but probable identification)
Author of a single girls' school story, Feuds and Friendships (1935), Fraser also wrote a non-fiction work about nurseries and nursery schools, called First—The Infant (1943).

Jane Fraser

MARGARET FRASER (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single short romance, The Love Link (1934).

MARY FRASER (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single short romance, The Bride He Tried to Hide (1928).

MARY [EMILY] FRASER (1851-1922)
(née Crawford, aka Mrs. Hugh Fraser)
Wife of diplomat and author Hugh Fraser, and herself author of at least 18 novels 1895-1915, including two with J. I. Stahlmann (actually the pseudonym of her son John Crawford Fraser); titles include Palladia (1896), A Little Grey Sheep (1901), The Heart of a Geisha (1908), The Queen's Peril (1912), The Bale-Fire (1914), and The Pagans (1915).

Peter Fraser

(née Devenish)
Author of children's fiction and mysteries; titles include the well-reviewed Footsteps in the Night (1927), Danger Follows (1929), Count the Hours (1940), and Another Spring (1953), as well as a children's series featuring a character called Golly Smith.

GILLIAN FREEMAN (1929-     )
(married name Thorpe, aka Eliot George)
Critic and novelist, whose works include Fall of Innocence (1956), The Leather Boys (1961), about a gay relationship, a study of pornography, The Undergrowth of Literature (1967), and a critical study of the work of Angela Brazil (1976).

(aka Mary Fitt, Stuart Mary Wick, and Caroline Cory)
Classical scholar, children's author and novelist whose fiction includes the literary Inspector Mallet mystery series beginning with Expected Death (1938), fiction and nonfiction for children, and elegant mainstream fiction including Quarrelling with Lois (1928) and Gown and Shroud (1947).

CELIA FREMLIN (1914-2009)
(married names Goller and Minchin)
Crime novelist and journalist whose War Factory (1943), for Mass Observation, is a vivid view of wartime factory life; The Seven Chars of Chelsea (1940) details her experiences in domestic service; Fremlin is best known for her later crime novels, including The Hours Before Dawn (1958).

Ashley French

Suffragette (who served four months in prison for smashing windows), poet and author of two novels—Mainspring (1922), which deals with suffragism and is discussed in Nicola Beauman's A Very Great Profession, and The Colour of Youth (1924), a psychological look at two children raised in very different ways.

M[ARION]. FROW (dates unknown)
Author of one school story, The Invisible Schoolgirl (1950), the plot of which Sims and Clare call "one of the silliest even in a genre renowned for silly plots," and of seven other adventure tales, including The Intelligence Corps and Anna (1944), The Submerged Cave (1947), and Five Robinson Crusoes (1950).

LEONORA FRY (1913-????)
Daughter of Bertha Leonard and author of one girls' school story, For the School's Sake (1934), two other children's books—Through Peril for Prince Charlie (1937) and Cyril the Squirrel (1946)—and several entries in the non-fiction "Get to Know" series, including Railways (1950), Bridges (1951), and Post and Telegraph (1953).

PAMELA FRY (1916-????)
(full name Adele Pamela Fry)
Author who straddles this list and its so-far-nonexistent) Canadian equivalent—she was born in England and emigrated at age 12; she published two mystery novels, Harsh Evidence (1953) and The Watching Cat (1960), as well as, rather oddly, a cookbook called Cooking the American Way (1963).

(née Chester)
Poet and author of several novels, such as Priors Roothing (1903), Blanche Esmead (1906), and The Clere Family, 1927 to 1928 (1929); she also published three volumes of philosophical musings and observations in the character of Bethia Hardcore (1895-1907).

AGNES FURLONG (dates unknown)
(née ?????)
Author of a part-school story, The School Library Mystery (1951), and several other volumes of children's fiction, including The Potato Riddle (1949), Stratford Adventure (1951), Sword of State: An Adventure in Coventry (1952), and Elizabeth Leaves School (1956).

F[LORENCE]. R[OSE]. M[ARY]. FURSDON (1870-1941)
(née Trelawny)
Apparently the author of only one novel, The Story of Amanda (1914), dealing with women's suffrage; her other work includes French language guides and several pamphlets against Roman Catholicism.

MURIEL FYFE (dates unknown)
(née ?????)
More research needed; author of about a dozen works for children, including the school story Sally Travels to School (1937), as well as The Adventures of Peter (1933), Greystones Farm (1934), Mary Lee's Cottage (1936), The Stowaways (1937), and Curious Kate (1946).

(married names Terry and Ames, aka Rachel Ames)
Journalist and novelist best known for Night Falls on the City (1967), a bestseller set in wartime Vienna, Gainham published several earlier spy novels (several reviewed here) and continued publishing until 1983; other titles include Time Right Deadly (1956), The Cold Dark Night (1957), The Silent Hostage (1960), Private Worlds (1971), and The Tiger, Life (1983).

Francis Gaite

Poet, broadcaster, journalist, and author of books on entertaining, Gallati also published numerous stories in The Star 1946-1953 (see here), as well as two novels, The Acorn (1950) and The Silver Bow (1962), the latter a saga about an Italian family.

(née Humphreys)
Welsh translator and author of six novels (sometimes "bawdy") beginning with Strike for a Kingdom (1959), described as a detective novel set in a Welsh village during the 1926 General Strike; others are Man's Desiring (1960), The Small Mine (1962), Travels with a Duchess (1968), You're Welcome to Ulster! (1970), and In These Promiscuous Parts (1986).

IDA GANDY (1885-1977)
(née Hony)
Children's author and memoirist, best known for her memoirs A Wiltshire Childhood (1929) and Staying with the Aunts (1963); Round About the Little Steeple (1960) seems to be a fact-based novel about Bishop's Cannings in the 17th century; she also wrote numerous short plays.

(née Walters, aka D. F. Gardiner, aka Theodore Frank)
Author of five novels in the 1920s and 1930s, most apparently mysteries; titles include The Lifted Latch (1929), The Prison House (1929), Another Night, Another Day (1930), The Beguiling Shore (1930), and the rather intriguing Murder at a Dog Show (1935).

DIANA GARDNER (1913-1997)
Novelist and story writer, known for "The Land Girl" (1940), about a girl breaking up her hosts' marriage; she published one collection, Halfway Down the Cliff (1946) and one novel, The Indian Woman (1954); in 2006, Persephone's printed a collection of her stories called A Woman Novelist.

Lisette Garland
          see NORAH MARY BRADLEY

EVE GARNETT (1900-1991)
Illustrator and author of children's fiction, including the classic The Family from One End Street (1937), written to highlight issues of poverty and class division; a sequel, Further Adventures of the Family from One End Street, appeared in 1956.

OLIVE GARNETT (1871-1958)
Sister of publisher Edward Garnett and sister-in-law of translator Constance Garnett; author of Petersburg Tales (1900) and In Russia's Night (1918); two volumes of her 1890s diaries have been published as Tea and Anarchy! (1989) and Olive and Stepniak (1993).

MRS. R. S. GARNETT (1869-1946)
(pseudonym of Martha Garnett, née Roscoe)
Biographer and novelist, author of the novels The Infamous John Friend (1909), a spy story set during the Napoleonic period, and Amor Vincit: A Romance of the Staffordshire Moorlands (1912), as well as the biography Samuel Butler and His Family Relations (1926).

RAY GARNETT (1891-1940)
(pseudonym of Rachel Alice Garnett, née Marshall)
First wife of novelist and publisher David Garnett, and illustrator of Garnett's Lady Into Fox, she also published a single children's book, A Ride on a Rocking-Horse (1917), which was lavishly praised by Saturday Review when it was reprinted in 1926.

DOROTHY M[????]. GARRARD (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of two romantic novels, Before the Dawn (1922) and A Woman's Will (1923).

Novelist and children's author; Irene's Lame Dogs (1916) is partly a school story; other titles include Lottie's Silver Burden (1879), The Old Square Pew (1904), Betty of Rushmore (1916), Meg of the Heather (1920), Luke's Wife (1926), If Thou Wert Blind (1927), and Ask Rachel (1937).

GEORGINA GARRY (1872-1947)
(pseudonym of Ethel Druce, née Brickell/Buckell/Buckle [census records show multiple spellings], stage name Frances Dillon)
Actress and author of three evocatively named novels—Pigsties with Spires (1928), Lanes Lead to Cities (1929), and The Gilt Sugar-Bowl (1932)—which received cautious acclaim at the time but sound a bit on the melodramatic side.

LESLEY GARTH (dates unknown)
Author of a single book, Sixteen or So (1923), comprised of several school-related stories which Sim and Clare describe as "semi-adult in tone and outlook."

Marguerite Gascoigne
          see ANNA GILBERT

JANE GASKELL (1941-    )
Fantasy writer best known for Strange Evil (1957), written when she was only 14, which deals with a war between fairies; a later series deals with residents of Atlantis fleeing to Egypt; other titles include King's Daughter (1958), All Neat in Black Stockings (1968), and Summer Coming (1972).

(married name Ashcraft)
Writer of historical novels from the 1930s until the early 1990s, Gavin is best known for her trilogy set in World War II—Traitors' Gate (1976), None Dare Call It Treason (1978), and How Sleep the Brave (1980); others include Clyde Valley (1938) and The Hostile Shore (1940).

Carol Gaye
          see RENÉE SHANN

(married name Pickard)
Poet, garden writer, and novelist, best known for historical novels including Vivandiere! (1929), set during Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow, Good Sir John (1930), a novel about Falstaff, and The French Prisoner (1944), set in England during the Napoleonic Wars.

CATHERINE GAYTON (dates unknown)
More research needed; intriguing author of four novels and a collection of stories; Gayton specialized in romantic comedies set in the Victorian period, such as That Merry Affair (1945), Young Person (1947) and Poor Papa (1953), though Adeliza (1952) is set earlier, in the 1830s.

(née Geipel)
More research needed; author of two utterly forgotten novels of the 1920s, Purity (1926) and Put Asunder (1928), about which I can find no details at all.

D[OROTHEA] GERARD (1855-1915)
(married name Longard de Longgarde, aka E. D. Gerard)
Sister of novelist Emily Gerard (1849–1905), with whom she collaborated on several early novels, Dorothy also wrote numerous romantic novels of her own, including Holy Matrimony (1902), The Inevitable Marriage (1911), Exotic Martha (1912), and The Waters of Lethe (1914).

LOUISE GERARD (1878-1970)
Author of exotic "bodice-rippers" which apparently regularly featured sexual violence against women; works include The Golden Centipede (1910), Flower-of-the-Moon (1914), and The Harbour of Desire (1927).

ANNA GERSTEIN (1888-1955)
(pseudonym of Nellie Margaret Ogilvy Romilly, née Hozier)
Sister of Clementine Churchill and author of a single novel, Misdeal (1932).  Her son Esmond married Jessica Mitford, and another son, Giles, was a critic and novelist.  Mitford reportedly read a portion of Misdeal and called it "ghastly."

Mary Gervaise

Journalist, travel writer, and author of education-related non-fiction; she began her career with a single novel, Vain Adventure (1927), largely set at Oxford, which was reviewed here.

AGNES GIBERNE (1845-1939)
Author of scientific textbooks and evangelistic fiction; her novels span at least 50 years, and titles include Mabel and Cora (1865), Beechenhurst (1867), Coulyng Castle (1875), Decima's Promise (1882), Miss Con (1887), Miles Murchison (1894), Profit and Loss (1909), Val and His Friends (1911), and The Doings of Doris (1914).  

Author of at least 10 novels of the 1920s and 1930s, but details are sparse; titles include Jan (1920), Helen Marsden (1921), The Pharisees (1921), The Way of the World (1922), John Peregrine's Wife (1924), And Others Came (1928), The Albatross (1930), No. 7 Paradise (1934), and Curious Fool (1939).

Margaret Gibbons
          see MARGARET MACGILL

(married name Webb)
Known for her classic debut, Cold Comfort Farm (1932), Gibbons wrote numerous other subtle and humorous novels, including The Rich House (1941), Westwood (1946), and The Matchmaker (1949), which all have wartime settings; several of her novels have been reprinted by Vintage UK.

Mary Ann Gibbs

L[ETTICE]. S[USAN]. GIBSON (1859-????)
More research needed; author of four novels, The Freemasons (1905), Burnt Spices (1906), Ships of Desire (1908), and The Oakum Pickers (1912); according to OCEF, Burnt Spices deals with a vengeful ghost.

ANNA GILBERT (1916-2004)
(pseudonym of Marguerite Jackson Lazarus, née Jackson, aka Marguerite Gascoigne)
Grammar schoool English teacher and author (as Marguerite Gascoigne) of the children's title The Song of the Gipsy (1953); she appears not to have published anything else until she started writing romance novels under the Gilbert pseudonym in the 1970s, beginning with The Look of Innocence (1975); her final title was A Morning in Eden (2001).

Anthony Gilbert

ROSA GILBERT (1841-1921)
(née Mulholland, aka Ruth Murray)
Prolific novelist whose work often centers on rural Irish Catholic life; Cynthia's Bonnet Shop (1900), about two sisters who open a shop in London, seems of interest; other titles include The Tragedy of Chris (1903) and Fair Noreen (1912).

JANE GILLESPIE (1923-      )
(pseudonym of Jane Shaw)
Not to be confused with girls' author Jane Shaw, Gillespie published romantic fiction from the 1950s to 1990s, including The Weir (1953), Nightingales Awake (1954), The Long Meadow (1959), A Fresh Start (1965), A Tiresome Woman (1972), Teverton Hall (1984), and Aunt Celia (1991).

Author of more than two dozen Mills & Boon romances 1947-1967, including Moonshine in Your Heart (1947), The Hills Are Silent (1952), Following the Sun (1954), Leaf Cottage (1956), The Spell of Dunkyre (1957), The Golden Harbour (1958), Whispering Woods (1960), The Island Doctor (1964), and A Time for Silence (1967).

(née Carr)
Author of one novel, The Lure of Islam (1933), a romance in which an English earl's son seems, from its description, to be lured by drugs and a beautiful Moroccan woman more than by Islam; in one source she is described as "successful author," which makes one wonder if she published under other names as well.

Patience Gilmour

(née de la Poer)
Irish author of one novel, The Story of Keth (1928), about "mythical Ireland," and one story collection, The World Is for the Young and Other Stories (1935), about which Saturday Review noted admirable variety but noted, "Still, with all this variety, something is wanting in the book. It is like listening for an Irish jig and hearing 'Pomp and Circumstance.'"

BRENDA GIRVIN (1884-1970)
Playwright and author of girls' school novels and other works for children, including Cackling Geese (1909), The Mysterious Twins (1910), Queer Cousin Claude (1912), Munition Mary (1918), The Schoolgirl Author (1920), The Tapestry Adventure (1925), and Five Cousins (1930).

(née Conway)
Socialist-feminist activist and author of three novels—Husband and Brother (1894), Aimee Furniss, Scholar (1896), and Margret (1903)—as well as two story collections, Tales from the Derbyshire Hills (1907) and Dolly-logues (1926); Glasier is discussed in Angela Ingram's Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals.

ELINOR GLYN (1864-1943)
(née Sutherland)
Most famous for the scandalous Three Weeks (1907), about a Balkan queen seducing a young Brit, Glyn wrote numerous other novels, including The Man and the Moment (1923), which introduced the concept of "it"; she also wrote several screenplays of the 1920s and even directed two films.

Poet and novelist whose fiction includes Dear Charity (1922), Silver Woods: The Story of Three Girls on a Farm (1939), Come Wind, Come Weather (1945), about farm life in wartime, Life in Little Eden (1948), and Three at Cherry-Go-Gay (1949), another wartime story of evacuees in Devonshire.

JON GODDEN (1906-1984)
(pseudonym of Winsome Ruth Key Godden, married names Baughan and Oakley)
Known now for Two Under the Indian Sun (1966), written with sister Rumer, Jon wrote many novels of her own, including The Bird Escaped (1947) and Ahmed's Lady (1975), about an elderly woman and her guide hiking in the Kashmir mountains.

RUMER GODDEN (1907-1998)
(married names Foster and Dixon)
Popular novelist and memoirist, known for Black Narcissus (1939) and The River (1945), made into classic films, novels and memoirs about her time in India, and her well-loved postwar novels about childhood, including An Episode of Sparrows (1955) and The Greengage Summer (1958).

(née Hollis)
Author of at least a dozen novels 1904-1940, though details are lacking; titles include The Discipline of Christine (1904), The Cotherstones (1926), The Green Tabloids (1929), Raven (1936), Dahlia: The Romance of a London Portrait Painter (1937), and The Village Never Knew (1938).

(full name Henrietta Frances Taubman Goldie, née Curwen)
Author of two novels, A Pilgrim of Love (1905) and The Veiled Life (1914), which seem to have been reviewed as pleasant, if slightly melodramatic, romantic tales.

MAUDE GOLDRING (dates unknown)
Poet, novelist, and biographer of Charlotte Brontë; her four novels seem intriguing, and include Dean's Hall (1908), The Tenants of Pixy Farm (1909), The Downsman: A Story of Sussex (1911), and The Wonder Year (1914), about women suffering the constraints of provincial life.

(possible married name Ward, but identification uncertain)
Author of only two novels—Ann's Year (1933), "a story combining school and business life in its period," and Educating Joanna (1935), about a young woman at Oxford, discussed in Anna Bogen's Women's University Fiction, 1880–1945.

(née Ebel, earlier married name Belsey, aka Suzanne Ebel, aka Cecily Shelbourne)
Author of more than 40 romance novels from 1956 to 2001; titles include Love the Magician (1956), The Half-Enchanted (1964), The Love Campaign (1965), A Most Auspicious Star (1969), The Family Feeling (1973), Grove of Olives (1976), The Clover Field (1987), and French Leave (2001).

Prolific author of popular fiction whose early work seems to have been seriously reviewed, but later work sounds like romance; titles include Children of the Peace (1928), The Conquering Star (1929), Call the Tune (1939), The China Pig (1953), Against the Grain (1961), and The Reluctant Wife (1968).

Diana Gordon
          see LUCILLA ANDREWS

PAT GORDON (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of a single girls' school story, Madcap Petrina (1934).

Golden Gorse
          see MURIEL WACE

MRS. HAROLD E. GORST (1869-1926)
(pseudonym of Cecilia Frances Rose Gorst, nicknamed Nina, née Kennedy)
Edwardian playwright and author of at least seven novels, which OCEF summed up as "relentless studies of the deprivations of slum and suburban life;" these include Possessed of Devils (1897), The Soul of Milly Green (1907), and The Leech (1911). NGCOBA lists additional later titles, but I can't locate them in Worldcat or the British Library.

HESTER GORST (1887-1992)
(née Holland, aka Hester Holland)
Great-niece of Elizabeth Gaskell, Gorst was a well-known painter, sculptor, and short story writer, as well as the author of four novels under her maiden name—A Man Must Live (1938), Under the Circumstances (1944), Week-Ends for Henry (1947), and There Is Always Oneself (1948).

Novelist and children's author, known for The Little White Horse (1946), J. K. Rowling's favorite children's book; novels include the bestseller Green Dolphin Country (1944), a trilogy, The Eliots of Damerosehay (1940-1953), and the powerful wartime novel The Castle on the Hill (1943).

Author of three titles, the first of which, Chuckles: The Story of a Small Boy (1927), may be a children’s book; The Fighting Six (1929) and The Good Detectives (1931) might also be for children or be mysteries or adventure stories.

ARMINE GRACE (1867-1939)
(pseudonym of Amy Grace Catherine Lowndes)
Sister of Dorothy Lowndes (aka Dolf Wyllarde), Grace also worked in the London theatre and published two novels—The Cloak of St. Martin (1913), a melodrama about the children of a wrongly-hanged man, and The House of Silent Footsteps (1917), about a troupe of romantic burglars.

Author of only one book, The Oldmay Scholarship & True Blue (1927), containing two school-related novellas.

DORIS GRAHAM (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single romantic novel, A Heart in Exile (1922).

ELEANOR GRAHAM (1896-1984)
Children's author and longtime editor for Penguin, Graham's 1938 novel The Children Who Lived in a Barn, reprinted by Persephone, is a classic; other titles include Six in a Family (1935), Change for a Sixpence (1937), and children's biographies of Queen Victoria and Charles Dickens.

Ennis Graham

LYDIA S[USANNA]. GRAHAM (dates unknown)
More research needed; probably a Quaker, Graham wrote a play, Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh (1931), a travel book, Port to Port (1935), books about religion, and one novel, The Three Ts at Aberleigh (1932), tracing a young girl's development from childhood to the verge of adulthood.

(married name Thesiger)
Journalist and poet best known now for Consider the Years 1938-1946 (2000), humorous poems on wartime themes reprinted by Persephone; Graham also wrote a series of humorous books, including Say Please (1949), Here's How (1951), and A Cockney in the Country (1958).

(full name Matilda Winifred Muriel Graham, married name Cory, aka Winifred Cory)
Prolific author of sensationalistic fiction, some dealing with her interest in spiritualism, some attacking religions she disliked; titles include When the Birds Begin to Sing (1897), Christian Murderers (1908), Tumbling Out of Windows (1929), and A Spider Never Falls (1944).

SARAH GRAND (1854-1943)
(pseudonym of Frances Elizabeth Bellenden McFall, née Clarke)
Activist and novelist of social issues, best known for her scandalous bestseller The Heavenly Twins (1893), which initiated the "new woman" novel, and her autobiographical The Beth Book (1897); later work includes Adnam's Orchard (1912) and The Winged Victory (1916).

AMY GRANGER (dates unknown)
Author of twenty romance novels 1923-1940, including The Girl in the Pictures (1923), Another Woman's Child (1926), Diamonds for Daisy (1927), The Cast-Aside (1928), Her Masterful Man (1930), The Sham Widow (1931), His Traitor Wife (1933), Their Poor Relation (1936), and It Had to Happen (1940).

Anthony Grant
          see JUDITH CAMPBELL

Jane Grant

JOAN GRANT (1907-1989)
(née Marshall, later married names Beatty and Kelsey, aka J. M. Grant)
Author of historical novels which she claimed provided details of her own past lives and featured themes of reincarnation, astral travel, and the occult; titles include Winged Pharaoh (1937), Life as Carola (1939), Scarlet Feather (1945), and a memoir, Time Out of Mind (1956, aka Far Memory).

KATRIONA GRANT (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single romantic novel, Everybody's Anne (1937).

Pamela Grant

SADI GRANT (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of several light novels, including A New Woman Subdued (1898), Folly at Cannes (1902), The Second Evil (1906), Lobelia of China (1907), and Plain William (1916).

(née Primrose, aka Neil Scot)
Primarily a poet, Grant published an early collection of stories, The Chequer-Board (1912) and one pseudonymous novel, The Riding Light (1926), about which the Spectator said it “makes rather heavy reading and the volume contains almost every known fault of construction.”

(aka Richard Dehan, aka Clo Graves)
Actress, poet, playwright and novelist; her early comedy Maids in a Market Garden (1894), about a group of women setting up a market garden, sounds intriguing; later work includes The Dop Doctor (1910), A Gilded Vanity (1916), and The Just Steward (1922).

DULCIE GRAY (1915-2011)
(pseudonym & stage name of Dulcie Winifred Catherine Denison, née Savage)
Veteran actress of stage, television, and film (including the screen version of Dorothy Whipple's They Were Sisters), Gray also wrote mystery and adventure novels, including Murder on the Stairs (1957), The Murder of Love (1967), and (a fabulous title) Deadly Lampshade (1971).

Ellington Gray
          see NAOMI JACOB

EVA GRAY (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of two non-school children's books, In the Fairy Ring (1935) and Rainbow Stories (1936), and one school story, The Three Wishes (1938).

Harriet Gray

MARY GRAY (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single romantic novel, Her Secret Vow (1930).

MAXWELL GRAY (1847-1923)
(pseudonym of Mary Gleed Tuttiett)
Playwright and novelist whose most successful novel was The Silence of Dean Maitland (1886), which she also turned into a play; she continued writing into the 1910s, with titles including Unconfessed (1911), Something Afar (1913), and The Diamond Pendant (1918).

ROSEMARY GRAY (dates unknown)
Author of two romantic novels, His Mannequin Wife (1932) and The Café Girl (1932), and two school stories (which do not appear to be listed in Sims & Clare?)—The Twins at Tower School (1941) and Decima at Danes Court School (1941).

UPTON GRAY (1889-1977)
(pseudonym of Gertrude Ethel Hulford)
Author of three rather intriguing novels of country life in the 1920s—Yellow Corn (1926), Heartsease Country (1927), and Down South (1929)—but little other information is available.

ELLICE GRAYE (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of more than 20 romantic novels, including Love Turned Traitor (1905), A Dangerous Woman (1906), The Pride of Poverty Hall (1906), Peggy the Spark (1922), The Pursuit of Phyllis (1924), Her Stroke of Luck (1925), The Fascinating Flapper (1926), Bewitched! (1928), Valley of Shadows (1929), and Gloria Gay (1931).

ETHEL GREEN (1908-1993)
(pseudonym of Ethel Victoria Green)
Playwright and author of a single novel, Murder Mistaken (1953), based on her earlier play and later filmed as Cast a Dark Shadow, starring Dirk Bogarde and Margaret Lockwood; the story is about a man who murders his wife for her money, only to find her fortune isn't what he expected, so he goes on the prowl for another victim…

Glint Green

MOLLIE M[????]. GREEN (dates unknown)
More research needed; apparently a librarian and author of a single girls' school story, Schoolgirl Janet (1947).

(pseudonym of Ivy May Bradley)
More research needed; apparently the author of only one girls' school story, Mary Todd's Last Term (1939), praised by Sims and Clare for the depth of characterization of its rebellious head girl heroine.

CONSTANCE GREGORY (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of a single girls' story, The Castlestone House Company (1918), set during World War I, in which Guides deal with the standard spies and wartime misadventures.

JOYCE GRENFELL (1910-1979)
(née Phipps)
Well-known actress, comedian, and author of monologues and other humorous pieces; Grenfell's wartime journals were published as The Time of My Life: Entertaining the Troops (1988); her lifelong correspondence with Virginia Graham has been collected as Joyce and Ginnie (1997).

(née Kay)
Author of a single novel (unless she wrote under other names as well) called When Yvonne Was Dictator (1935), a utopian novel about a future Britain under the control of an 18-year-old, much concerned with overpopulation, healthcare, and feminism; Gresswell apparently served as a magistrate in Southport.

Brenda Grey

JANET GREY (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Daisy White)
More research needed; author of a sequence of four girls' school stories set at St. Ursula's School, including The Advent of Anne (1941), The Concerns of Cecily (1947), The Sixth Form Pantomime (1949), and Lucille—House Captain (1950).

JUDITH GREY (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of three linked tales—Christmas Term at Chillinghurst (1942), That Dramatic Term! (1946), and Summer Term at Chillinghurst (1947)—set during the revamping of a bad school; she also wrote a stand-alone school story, Duchess in Disguise (1943), and one non-school story, Steps in the Dark (1949).

ROWLAND GREY (1863-1959)
(pseudonym of Lilian Kate Rowland-Brown)
Journalist and author of romantic novels; her works include The Unexpected (1902), Green Cliffs (1905), Surrender (1909), and La Belle Alliance (1915), after which she seems to have stopped publishing.

(pseudonym of Hilda Caroline Gregg)
Teacher and novelist whose work was often set in India (though it seems unclear when—or if?—she lived there); titles include The Heir (1906), The Power of the Keys (1907), The Kingdom of Waste Lands (1917), and Berringer of Bandeir (1919).

(née Thurlow)
More research needed; author of a dozen or more novels from the 1900s to the 1930s, among them several mysteries; titles include Mrs. Vannock (1907), Amber and Jade (1928), Delia’s Dilemma (1934), The Punt Murder (1936), and Sweets and Sinners (1937).

JOY GRIFFIN (1913-1973)
(full name Ursula Mary Joy Griffin)
Probably the daughter or sister-in-law of novelist Aceituna Griffin, and co-author (with Griffin) of a single mystery, Motive for Murder (1935).

MARGARET W. GRIFFITHS (dates unknown)
More research needed; author of adventure-oriented school and holiday stories, including A Queer Holiday (1936), J.P. of the Fifth (1937), The House on the Fjord (1939), Hazel in Uniform (1945), Wild Eagle's Necklace (1945), Elizabeth at Grayling Court (1947), and The Blue Mascot (1949).

Travel writer and novelist; one of the earliest women to travel extensively in the South Seas, she wrote of her experiences in works like From Fiji to the Cannibal Islands (1907); she also wrote novels set in these locales, such as My South Sea Sweetheart (1921) and Wreck of the Redwing (1927).

(aka Marsha Manning)
Prolific romance writer from 1950-1978 and author of one much earlier novel, Painted Virgin (1931); other titles include Navy Blue Lady (1951), Enchanted August (1955), Tinsel Kisses (1958), Skyscraper Hotel (1959), Wedding For Three (1963), Sister Marion's Summer (1965), and Day of Roses (1976).

C. Groom

(née Cornwell, earlier married names Klein and Dealtry, aka Kit Dealtry, aka C. Groom, aka Mrs. Sydney Groom)
Author of at least a dozen novels 1910s-1950, some of them mysteries; titles include Ill-Gotten Gain (1909), Shadows of Desires (1918), The Mystery of Mr. Bernard Brown (1920), Detective Sylvia Shale (1924), The Folly of Fear (1947), Phantom Fortune (1948), and The Recoil (1952).

OLIVE L[ILIAN]. GROOM (1920-2006)
(née Weller, aka Olive Lindsey)
Author of more than two dozen books in all, including pseudonymous romance novels and several Brent-Dyer-influenced school stories, among them The School of False Echoes (1947), Holly of Swanhouse (1949), Roxbrunn Finds the Way (1954), and Avril in the Alps (1955).

Mrs. Sydney Groom

HELENA GROSE (1901-1986)
(full name Florence Louise Helena Grose, née Clapshaw, later married name Morrell)
Author of more than 40 romantic novels for Mills & Boon and, later, for Collins, 1930-1962; titles include Bachelor's Wife: The Story of an Unconventional Honeymoon (1930), The Stork Called Twice (1931), They Meant to Marry (1934), Gay Bachelor (1936), Two Were Foolish (1940), Lovebound (1948), Wedding Shoes (1952), and The Sin of Eden (1961).

Georgina Groves
          see GERALDINE SYMONS

Children's author and novelist whose fiction includes Children of the Fog: A Novel of Southwark (1927), The Yellow Pigeon (1928), Little Mascot (1936), and Scent of Magnolia (1934), about the culture conflicts of a young Anglo-Argentine.

URSULA [GRACE] GWYNN (1886-1969)
(née Leigh, aka Ursula Leigh)
Author of six novels 1928-1934, including two—Chinook (1932) and Give Me My Robe (1934) under her pseudonym; the others are The Green Hill (1928), The Four Miss Ramsays (1932), The Purple Shawl (1932), and If This Be Love (1934), but details about them are scarce.

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